ITALY - The value of energy efficiency is protected, in general, in our legal system by the Legislative Decree No. 102/2014, as amended by Legislative Decree 14 July 2020, No. 73, as implementation of the EU Directive No. 2012/27/EU as amended by the Directive No. 2018/2002/EU.
The Italian set of rules has two main purposes:
1. establish a framework of provisions for the promotion and improvement of energy efficiency in order to achieve the national energy saving target […] and for the implementation of the European principle that gives leading importance to the energy efficiency (art. 1 par. 1);
2. state provisions aimed at removing obstacles in the energy market and at overcoming the market deficiencies that restrain an efficient supply and use of energy (art. 1, par. 2).
With such purposes, the Decree 102/2014 provides rules related to the efficiency in energy supply, the efficiency in energy use, as well as some horizontal rules.